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New York


 


New York

New York in 2012
New York in 2012.

New York City is amazing! It is the largest and most densely inhabited city in the United States and one of the most significant cities in the world.

It is located in the eastern part of the United States, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, in a large natural harbor created by the Hudson River that crosses the city. The city’s neighbors are: in the Northwest – Connecticut, South East – Long Island and the West – New Jersey.
In the beginning, New York was a commercial trading post founded by the Dutch in 1624. The establishment was called New Amsterdam until 1664 when the English took control of the colony. Then, between 1785 and 1790, New York was the capital of the United States.

The city's estimated population is 8.4 million, which extends over 800 km2, making New York the most densely populated city in the United States. About 800 languages are spoken here and 35% of the city's population was born outside the United States, making the city the most linguistically diverse place in the world.

New York has 5 districts that are called boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens and Staten Island.

Manhattan – or in the indigenous terminology "the island of the hills" – with its 1630000 inhabitants is the most densely populated district, the most important and most famous too. Measures only 21.50 km long and 3.70 km wide, but here are the top universities in the city, the financial centre and most of the skyscrapers. Manhattan is divided into three regions: Lower Manhattan or Downtown, Midtown and Uptown. Uptown Manhattan is divided by Central Park in Upper East Side and Upper West Side, and above the park is Harlem. Upper East Side is the most famous neighborhood in New York for being the most wealthy and bourgeois. There are several museums: the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Guggenheim Museum and the Whitney Museum. In the Upper West Side, we can visit the American Museum of Natural History, Lincoln Center and the Cathedral St. John the Divine. Harlem is occupied by people with African American and Hispanic origins. Midtown is the central part of Manhattan and is the most visited area of New York for its high concentration of tourist emblems: Empire State Building, Chrysler Building, Rockefeller Center and Times Square are just a few examples. Also here is the Broadway theater district. As the urban model of Barcelona, the streets of Midtown are designed as a large grid, with numbered streets from south to north and avenues from east to west. Fifth Avenue divides the city into two big sections: East and West. Broadway is the only avenue that crosses the city diagonally, as El Diagonal in Barcelona. In this way, getting lost in this part of the city is very difficult.

Downtown or Lower Manhattan is located on the southern part of the island and is the oldest part of the town. The neighborhoods here have a special touch thanks to the immigrants: Chinatown, Little Italy, Soho, Tribeca and Greenwich Village. Above all, the skyscrapers of the Financial District rise; the Financial District being the place where the New York Stock Exchange is located.

Brooklyn or Kings County has a population of about 2568000 and is the most populated district in New York. This district is also known for its ethnic and cultural diversity. It is located southwest of Long Island and is named after the Dutch town Breukelen. Until 1898 it was an independent city, but after 1883, when the Brooklyn Bridge opened, linking Manhattan to Brooklyn and being a symbol of the city, this district has been less important than Manhattan. The most spectacular views of Manhattan can be seen from here, more exactly from the historical district of Brooklyn Heights, located in eastern Brooklyn, near Brooklyn Bridge. The largest community of Jews that live outside of Israel is found in Brooklyn, in neighborhoods like Midwood and Flabush. Another famous neighborhood is DUMBO (Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass) that is the independent artists' quarter and is recognized for its distinctive architectural heritage. One of the most visited tourist attractions in Brooklyn is Coney Island, in the southern part of Brooklyn, which is the amusement park of the town, established in the 1870’s. Other tourist attractions are: the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, which is the most exquisite botanical garden in the city, Prospect Park, Brooklyn's most visited park, with its small zoo and the New York Aquarium.

Bronx has a population of about 1400000 inhabitants and is situated north of the city as the only district that is part of the continent. Its name derives from the first settler in this part of the city, the Swede Jonas Bronck, in 1639. Bronx is a district made out of comfortable and safe residential areas and huge parks, but the south of Bronx is a decadent area and with not so good reputation, here being the origin of the rap and hip hop culture. The Bronx is the location of the Yankee Stadium, which hosts the NY Yankees baseball team since 1923, and home to the Bronx Zoo, which is the largest metropolitan zoo in the United States with its 265 hectares and over 6000 animals.

Queens has a population of 2307000 inhabitants and is located northwest of Long Island; it is the largest district in New York and with the greatest ethnic diversity in the United States. Queens was named in 1683, in honor of Queen Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II of England. Here you can visit the Museum for African Art, the country's only museum dedicated to the African art and culture, the New York Hall of Science, the only museum of science and technology of the city, the Queens Museum of Art, which has a excellent model of New York at scale and the Museum of Contemporary Art PS1 Contemporary Art Center, which is MoMA’s affiliate and offers the visitor cultural symbols of Queens. Queens is the site of Citi Field with the Shea Stadium, home of the NY Mets baseball team. It is also the district where there are two of the three major airports in New York and its metropolitan area: John F. Kennedy International Airport, located south of the district, in Jamaica, and LaGuardia National Airport, located in the North, in Jackson Heights.

Staten Island or Richmond County, with its population of 500000 inhabitants, is the most peaceful district of New York. This district can be accessed at any time via the Staten Island Ferry which is free and offers breathtaking views of Manhattan and the Statue of Liberty. Staten Island has almost half of the protected area of the city; one third of the district is forested area, found here is one of the last virgin forests of the city. Among the most visited museums in Staten Island are the Jacques Marchais Museum of Tibetan Art, which has the largest collection of Buddhist objects in the world outside Tibet and the Garibaldi - Meucci Museum, where Antonio Meucci lived, the true inventor of the telephone.

For New York tourism is one of the most significant industries, because each year the city is visited by more than 40 million tourists. Among the most important destinations are: the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Central Park, Times Square, Rockefeller Center and many more. New York also offers various events like the Tribeca Film Festival, ice skating in winter in Central Park and Rockefeller Center, the Halloween Parade in Greenwich Village or the Macy's Day Parade, among others.

Therefore we can rightly say that New York is an amazing city that has everything for everyone and for this reason is known as “the city that never sleeps”.

 


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